For R users nabor provides a function, knn, that is a drop in replacement for the nn2 function in the RANN R package. An example using a subset of my coordinates in copied below. 2 nn2 RANN-package Wrapper for Arya and Mount’s Approximate Nearest Neighbours (ANN) C++ library Description Wrapper for Arya and Mount’s Approximate Nearest Neighbours (ANN) C++ library See Also nn2 nn2 Nearest Neighbour Search Description Uses a kd-tree to ﬁnd the p number of near neighbours for each point in an input/output dataset. RANN-package Wrapper for Arya and Mount’s Approximate Nearest Neighbours (ANN) C++ library Description Wrapper for Arya and Mount’s Approximate Nearest Neighbours (ANN) C++ library See Also nn,nn2 nn Nearest Neighbour Search Description Uses a kd-tree to ﬁnd the p number of near neighbours for each point in an input/output dataset. The algorithm nn2 within the R package RANN version 2.4.1 is used to search for the nearest neighbours based on x, y coordinates of trees . Now let's try the RANN (R Approximate Nearest Neighbors) package which is a port of the ANN C++ library. The expectation is that for 90% of users the nn2 function should be the only way that the library is used. We'll ask it to find k=100 neighbors within radius=5. nabor vs RANN. I have seen speedups of 2-3x fold for queries of interest (a few thousand points in 3d, k=1) when comparing nabor::knn and RANN::nn2. R package providing fast nearest neighbour search (wraps ANN library) - jefferislab/RANN We choose the query points of interest to illustrate the wrapping of the variables. library (RANN) knn.info <-RANN:: nn2 (t (mat), k = 30) The result is a list containing a matrix of neighbor relations and another matrix of distances. Some explanatory remarks on the nn2() function: The function uses a kd-tree to find the k number of near neighbours for each point. In the plot, query points are indicated with colour-coded crosses and the 8 nearest neighbours of each point are shaded in the same colour. In this case, b is our dataset and a is our query. I have seen speedups of 2-3x fold for queries of interest (a few thousand points in 3d, k=1) when comparing nabor::knn and RANN::nn2. This takes a target matrix of R points, copies them into an array used by ANN and builds a k-d tree. We'll use the nn2 function. Since I basically simply wanted to flag bike routes, I used searchtype = "radius" to only searches for neighbours within a specified radius of the point. I am using the nn2() function within the RANN package to find nearest neighbors, within a specific radius, of points identified by latitudes and longitudes. 2 nn2 RANN.L1-package Wrapper for Arya and Mount’s Approximate Nearest Neighbours (ANN) C++ library Description Wrapper for Arya and Mount’s Approximate Nearest Neighbours (ANN) C++ library See Also nn2 nn2 Nearest Neighbour Search Description Uses a kd-tree to ﬁnd the p number of near neighbours for each point in an input/output dataset. I have looked in the RANN and ANN documentation but have not found the answer. Specifying k = 1 yields only the ID of the nearest neighbor. By default nnt() uses the function RANN::nn2() (based on … What unit is that radius measured in? Also, we'll set the eps=0 because we want exact nearest neighbors. 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